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Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities 

Section II. Background Information and Methodology

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Social Security Administration Programs. The following information describes Ohio statistics regarding the number of beneficiaries and the amount spent on disability benefits by the Social Security Administration. Supplemental Security Income (SSI) distributes funds to adults and children with disabilities who have limited income or are 65 years of age or older who meet financial limits. Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is paid to individuals and family members if they worked for a specific amount of time and paid taxes. Table 6 and Table 7 provide the number of Ohioans who received federally administered SSI and SSDI payments in 2014 and 2017. (Social Security Administration, 2018)

Table 6 - Ohio SSI - Number, Average Monthly Benefit Payments (in thousands of dollars), and Category of Disability Beneficiary: 2014 vs. 2017

Classification 2014 2017 Change (2014 v 2017)
Number Payments Number Payments Number Payments
Aged 15,226 $5,715 16,318 $6,434 7.2% 12.6%
Blind 1,881 $1,007 2,022 $1,099 7.5% 9.1%
Disabled 296,152 $173,010 292,149 $173,578 -1.4% 0.3%
Total 313,259 $179,732 310,489 $181,111 -0.9% 0.8%


Table 7 - Ohio SSDI - Number, Average Monthly Benefit Payments (in thousands of dollars), and Category of Disability Beneficiary: 2014 vs. 2017

Disability Benefit Classification 2014 2017 Change (2014 v 2017)
Number Payments Number Payments Number Payments
Workers 356,270 $324,624 351,027 $333,228 -1.5% 2.7%
Adult Children 166,740 $151,929 161,125 $152,955 -3.4% 0.7%
Widow(er)s and Parents 195,124 $246,681 183,442 $242,018 -6.0% -1.9%
Total 718,134 $723,234 695,594 $728,201 -3.1% 0.7%


Workers with disabilities accounted for the smallest percentage change for beneficiaries receiving SSDI from 2014 to 2017. There was a 1.5 percent decrease in the number of workers who are classified as beneficiaries, as compared to the total population receiving federally administered payments. The number of applications for benefits for workers with disabilities per month from 1996 to 2017 in the U.S. is displayed in Chart 1 below. There was a steady upward trend in the number of monthly applications for SSDI by workers with disabilities from 1998 through 2012. Since that time, the trend has reversed with applications in steady decline over the last five years.

Chart 1 - SSDI - U.S. Disabled Worker Beneficiary Trend Disabled Worker Data (in thousands)Line Chart showing the 12-month moving average number of SSDI applications and awards from 1996 to 2018. Applications rose from approximately 110,000 in per month 1996 to approximately 180,000 per month in 2018. Awards rose from approximately 50,000 per month in 1996 to approximately 60,000 per month in 2018.

https://www.ssa.gov/oact/STATS/dibGraphs.html

Chart 2 - SSDI - U.S. Number in Current Payment Status at End of Month (in thousands)Line chart showing the number of individuals in the U.S. in current payment status for SSDI benefits at the end of each month from 1996 to 2018. The number of individuals rose from approximately 4,200,000 in 1996 to approximately 8,700,000 in 2018.

https://www.ssa.gov/oact/STATS/dibGraphs.html

Chart 1 above represents the 20-year U.S. trend of SSDI applications and awards made as a twelve month moving average. Chart 2 shows the number of SSDI beneficiaries receiving payments over the same time period. Despite a steady upward trend over the majority of the past two decades, both charts show a declining trend in recent years. (Social Security Administration, 2018). Table 8 below shows the trends of Ohio’s SSI recipients between 2006 and 2016. The trend of the percentage of SSI recipients working has continued to trend downward from 7.2 percent in 2006 to 6.3 percent in 2016.

 

Table 8 - Ohio: Number and Employment of SSI Recipients: 2006 - 2016

  2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
# of SSI Recipients with Disabilities 238,810 254,015 273,627 292,153 301,169 298,510
# of SSI Recipients with Disabilities Working 17,170 17,366 16,573 17,415 17,715 18,946
% of SSI Recipients with Disabilities Working 7.2% 6.8% 6.1% 6.0% 5.9% 6.3%
SSI Recipients with Disabilities as a % of Population 2.1% 2.2% 2.4% 2.5% 2.6% 2.6%
Population* 11,478,006 11,485,910 11,539,282 11,546,969 11,593,741 11,622,554
SSI Applications (Ages 18 - 64) 93,024 97,242 107,724 94,548 73,521 62,076

*Population estimates are for Ohio as of July 1 for each year as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau.

As part of the Disability Program, SSA completed Continuing Disability Reviews (CDRs) each year to ensure that only those beneficiaries and recipients who are still disabled continue to receive monthly benefits. These reviews can result in a cessation of benefits, mostly due to medical improvement and the ability to work.

Based on the Social Security Administration Annual Performance Report 2017 – 2019, the target number of CDRs nationally increased from 790,000 in 2015 to 850,000 in 2017. Specifically, for the Ohio Disability Determination Service, Chart 3 below shows the annual CDR targets and actual determinations completed from 2012 through September 2017. (OOD – Division of Disability Determination)

Chart 3 - Ohio: Continuing Disability Reviews Goals and Actual Determinations 2012 - 2017

Bar chart showing the Continuing Disability Reviews goals and actual determinations made by the Ohio Disability Determination Service from federal fiscal year 2012 to 2017. 2012: Goal = 20,631; Determinations = 21,274. 2013: Goal = 19,914; Determinations = 20,288. 2014: Goal = 25,369; Determinations = 25,472. 2015: Goal = 31,079; Determinations = 31,588. 2016: Goal = 43,210; Determinations = 43,349. 2017: Goal = 37,700; Determinations = 37,732.


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