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Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities 

Section II. Background Information and Methodology

Environmental Scan

U.S. Employment Statistics and Labor Force Participation. Table 4 and Table 5 illustrate the U.S. labor force participation and unemployment rates for working age (16 - 64) individuals with disabilities compared to individuals without disabilities, as reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. In 2016, the U.S. unemployment rate for working age (16 - 64) individuals with disabilities was 11.5 percent, a decrease of 2.4 percentage points from 2014. Over the same period, the labor force participation rate for these individuals increased from 30.2 percent to 31.2 percent, reflecting a slight increase in the number of individuals with disabilities who are working and/or actively seeking work.

Table 4 - Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by disability status ages 16 to 64, 2015 and 2016 annual averages; Bureau of Labor Statistics (Table A) [Numbers in thousands]

Characteristic Persons with a Disability Persons with no Disability
2014* 2015 2016 2014* 2015 2016
Civilian noninstitutional population 15,613 15,771 15,746 187,375 188,521 189,757
  Civilian labor force 4,718 4,812 4,919 142,847 143,517 144,996
    Participation rate 30.2 30.5 31.2 76.2 76.1 76.4
    Employed 4,061 4,250 4,356 134,272 136,119 138,164
      Employment-population ratio 26.0 26.9 27.7 71.7 72.2 72.8
    Unemployed 655 562 564 8,574 7,398 6,832
      Unemployment rate 13.9 11.7 11.5 6.0 5.2 4.7
  Not in labor force 10,895 10,959 10,827 44,528 45,004 44,761

*2014 figures from Bureau of Labor Statistics Table A-6; Annual U.S. Unemployment of Civilians Ages 16 to 64 by Disability Status - 2012 - 21014
(Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2016; https://www.bls.gov/bls/news-release/empsit.htm)


Table 5 - Persons not in the labor force by disability status, age, and sex, 2016 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]

Category Total, 16 years and over 16 to 64 years Total, 65 years and over
Total Men Women
PERSONS WITH A DISABILITY  
Total not in the labor force 23,965 10,827 5,097 5,730 13,139
  Persons who currently want a job 734 506 242 264 228
    Marginally attached to the labor force(1) 198 155 84 71 43
      Discouraged workers(2) 52 39 27 12 13
      Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3) 147 117 57 60 30
 
PERSONS WITH NO DISABILITY  
Total not in the labor force 70,385 44,761 16,339 28,422 25,624
  Persons who currently want a job 5,115 4,527 2,099 2,428 587
    Marginally attached to the labor force(1) 1,605 1,465 778 687 141
      Discouraged workers(2) 502 446 280 166 56
      Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3) 1,103 1,018 498 521 85

Footnotes
[1]Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
[2]Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
[3]Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2016; https://www.bls.gov/news.release/archives/disabl_06212017.pdf)

 

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