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Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities 

Section IV. Disability Demographics and Employment Status

The information presented in the following section focuses on race, ethnicity and age. A review of a variety of data suggests that, for both age and race, OOD proportionately serves African Americans and individuals ages 18 to 34 at a higher rate than the demographic makeup of the state. As Ohio’s largest minority race and ethnic populations are African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos, respectively, this analysis will first focus on statistics regarding those populations. Finally, data related to age and disabilities are summarized.

Need for Vocational Rehabilitation Services among Minorities

Race. ACS 2016 data indicate that the estimated prevalence of disability for working age Ohioans (ages 16 to 64) was:

  • 11.4 percent among Whites, estimated 687,400 individuals
  • 15.2 percent among Black/African Americans, estimated 138,000 individuals
  • 3.6 percent among Asians, estimated 6,100 individuals
  • 25.5 percent among American Indians or Alaskan Natives, estimated 3,000 individuals
  • 14.9 percent among Other Races, estimated 34,600 individuals

Chart 6 - Race of Ohioans with Disabilities: 2016 (n=1,571,654)

Pie chart showing the count and percentage of Ohioans with disabilities by race in 2016 (total = 1,571,654). American Indian and Alaskan Native: 5,210, 0.3%; Asian: 12,758, 0.8%; Black or African American: 216,235, 13.8%; White: 1,289,415, 82.0%; Two or More Races: 38,292, 2.4%; Other Race: 9,744, 0.6%.

Chart 7 - OOD Served by Race: 2016 (n=29,800)

Pie chart showing the count and percentage of Ohioans with disabilities by race served by OOD in 2016 (total = 29,800). American Indian and Alaskan Native: 118, 0.4%; Asian: 248, 0.8%; Black or African American: 6,892, 23.1%; White: 21,507, 72.2%; Two or More Races: 479, 1.6%; Other Race: 556, 1.9%.

 

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