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Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities 

Section IV. Disability Demographics and Employment Status

Need for Vocational Rehabilitation Services among Minorities

African American Population. The total African American Population in Ohio is 1,080,650, or 9.3 percent of the state's total population. Of these, 925,472 are of working age (16 to 64). Seven of Ohio's counties have African American working age populations of 20,000 or more, which combine to make up 80.3 percent of the state's African American working age population; see Table 13 below for additional detail. (U.S. Census - ACS, 2016) The prevalence of disability for African Americans ages 18 to 64 is 15.2 percent (Erickson, Lee, & von Schrader, 2017).

The total number of working age African Americans with disabilities in Ohio is estimated to be between 138,000 and 140,672.  The Bureau of Labor Statistics further cites that 31.2 percent of individuals are actively engaged in the labor force.  The unemployment rate for African Americans tends to be almost 2.2 times greater than the overall unemployment rate.  Applying this to the unemployment rate of individuals with disabilities, we can estimate that 35 percent, or between 10,764 and 10,972, of the estimated 31.2 percent subset of African Americans engaged in the labor force are seeking employment. (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2017) (U.S. Census - ACS, 2016)

Table 13 - Seven (7) Counties with African American Working Age Population of 20,000+

Counties with African American Working Age Population of 20,000+ (7) Total African American Population African American Population Age 16 - 64 African American Disability Prevalence Estimate (15.2%) Estimated Seeking Employment (7.8%) OOD 2016 Served Service Rate: Need Ratio
Cuyahoga 288,463 239,987 36,478 2,845 2,071 72.8%
Franklin 195,231 173,455 26,365 2,056 1,019 49.6%
Hamilton 154,721 132,796 20,185 1,574 942 59.8%
Montgomery 84,691 70,263 10,680 833 516 61.9%
Lucas 62,302 53,737 8,168 637 364 57.1%
Summit 59,444 50,479 7,673 598 418 69.8%
Mahoning 27,310 22,533 3,425 267 252 94.3%
Total 872,162 743,250 112,947 8,812 5,582 63.3%
Ohio Total 1,080,650 925,472 140,672 10,972 6,892 62.8%
Percent of Ohio Total 80.7% 80.3% 80.3% 80.3% 81.0%  


Table 14 - Eight (8) Counties with African American Working Age Population of 7,000 - 20,000

Counties with African American Working Age Population of 7,000 - 20,000 (8) Total African American Population African American Population Age 16 - 64 African American Disability Prevalence Estimate (15.2%) Estimated Seeking Employment (7.8%) OOD 2016 Served Service Rate: Need Ratio
Butler 21,487 19,297 2,933 229 75 32.8%
Stark 20,818 17,596 2,675 209 288 138.1%
Lorain 19,496 16,912 2,571 201 41 20.4%
Trumbull 13,207 10,992 1,671 130 67 51.4%
Greene 9,913 8,823 1,341 105 34 32.5%
Allen 9,419 8,131 1,236 96 121 125.5%
Clark 8,769 7,100 1,079 84 52 61.8%
Fairfield 7,632 7,082 1,076 84 38 45.3%
Total 110,741 95,933 14,582 1,137 716 63.0%
Ohio Total 1,080,650 925,472 140,672 10,972 6,892 62.8%
Percent of Ohio Total 10.2% 10.4% 10.4% 10.4% 10.4%  


Table 14 provides a summary of the eight Ohio counties with African American working age populations between 7,000 and 20,000. These counties combine to make up 10.4 percent of the total African American working age population in Ohio. The remaining 73 counties contain 9.3 percent, or 86,289, working age African Americans as shown below in Table 15.


Table 15 - Seventy-three (73) Counties with Hispanic or Latino Working Age Population of less than 7,000

Counties with African American Working Age Population of less than 7,000 (73) Total African American Population African American Population Age 16 - 64 African American Disability Prevalence Estimate (15.2%) Estimated Seeking Employment (7.8%) OOD 2016 Served Service Rate: Need Ratio
Total 97,747 86,289 13,116 1,023 58 51.3%
Ohio Total 1,080,650 925,472 140,672 10,972 6,892 62.8%
Percent of Ohio Total 9.0% 9.3% 9.3% 9.3% 8.5%  


Of the more than 29,000 individuals served by OOD in 2016, 23.5  percent or 6,892 were African American.  Service Rate: Need Ratio refers to the number of individuals with a specific disability served as a percentage of the total number who could potentially be served.  It is estimated that OOD's service rate: need ratio for serving African Americans with disabilities who may be seeking employment was 62.8 percent, which is more than 15 percentage points higher than the estimated service rate for the Hispanic/Latino population, as discussed on the next page.

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