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Opportunities for Ohioans with Disabilities 

Section V. Prevalence and Service Rate: Need Ratio Projections of Unmet Need

Prevalence of Disabilities

Table 19 below provides the prevalence estimate for each category of disability and the source from which each estimate was obtained.

Table 19 - Estimated Prevalence for Specific Categories of Disabilities in Ohio

Disability Category Prevalence Estimate Source
Visual Impairment 2.1% U.S. Census Bureau - 2016 American Community Survey (disabilitystatistics.org)
Hearing Impairment 2.2% U.S. Census Bureau - 2016 American Community Survey (disabilitystatistics.org)
Communicative Impairment 2.0% U.S. Department of Health & Human Services - 2012 National Health Interview Survey (nidcd.hih.gov)
Physical Impairment 5.9% U.S. Census Bureau - 2016 American Community Survey (disabilitystatistics.org)
Psychosocial Impairment 5.1% Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA, 2015 and 2016)
Cognitive Impairment 5.4% U.S. Census Bureau - 2016 American Community Survey (disabilitystatistics..org)

 

Visual Impairment. The 2016 ACS indicates that of the population ages 18 to 64, 2.0 percent in the U.S. and 2.1 percent in Ohio experience a visual impairment. Individuals were classified as having a visual impairment if they answered yes when asked if they had serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses.

Hearing Impairment. The 2016 ACS indicates that of the population ages 18 to 64, 2.0 percent in the U.S and 2.2 percent in Ohio experience a hearing impairment. Individuals were classified as having a hearing impairment if they answered yes when asked if they were deaf or had serious difficulty hearing.

Communicative Impairment. The 2012 National Health Interview Survey conducted by the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services indicated that 2.0 percent of the U.S. adult population, ages 18 and over, experience a speech impairment.

Physical Impairment. The 2016 ACS indicates that of the population ages 18 to 64, 5.1 percent in the U.S. and 5.9 percent in Ohio experience ambulatory impairments. Individuals were classified as having an ambulatory impairment if they answered yes when asked if they had serious difficult walking or climbing steps.

Psychosocial Impairment. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s National Survey on Drug Use and Health for 2015 and 2016 reported that 5.1 percent of U.S. adults, ages 18 and over, reported serious mental illness in the past year.

Cognitive Impairment. The 2016 ACS indicates that of the population ages 18 to 64, 4.5 percent in the U.S. and 5.4 percent in Ohio experience cognitive impairments. Individuals were classified as having a cognitive impairment if they answered yes when asked if they had serious difficulty concentrating, remembering or making decisions due to a physical, mental or emotional condition.

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