African American Population.The total African American Population in Ohio is 1,080,650, or 9.3 percent of the state’s total population. Of these, 925,472 are of working age (16 to 64). Seven of Ohio’s counties have African American working age populations of 20,000 or more, which combine to make up 80.3 percent of the state’s African American working age population; see Table 13 on the following page for additional detail (U.S. Census – ACS, 2016). The prevalence of disability for African Americans ages 18 to 64 is 15.2 percent (Erickson, Lee, & von Schrader, 2017).
The total number of working age African Americans with disabilities in Ohio is estimated to be between 138,000 and 140,672. The Bureau of Labor Statistics further cites that 31.2 percent of individuals are actively engaged in the labor force. The unemployment rate for African Americans tends to be almost 2.2 times greater than the overall unemployment rate. Applying this to the unemployment rate of individuals with disabilities, we can estimate that 35 percent, or between 10,764 and 10,972, of the estimated 31.2 percent subset of African Americans engaged in the labor force are seeking employment. (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2017) (U.S. Census – ACS, 2016)
Table 13 - Seven (7) Counties with African American Working Age Population of 20,000+
Table 14 - Eight (8) Counties with African American Working Age Population of 7,000 - 20,000
African American Population Age 16 - 64
Table 14 provides a summary of the eight Ohio counties with African American working age populations between 7,000 and 20,000. These counties combine to make up 10.4 percent of the total African American working age population in Ohio. The remaining 73 counties contain 9.3 percent, or 86,289, working age African Americans as shown below in Table 15.
Table 15 - Seventy-three (73) Counties with African American Working Age Population of less than 7,000
Of the more than 29,000 individuals served by OOD in 2016, 23.5 percent or 6,892 were African American. Service Rate: Need Ratio refers to number of individuals with a specific disability served as a percentage of the total number who could potentially be served. It is estimated that OOD’s service rate: need ratio for serving African Americans with disabilities who may be seeking employment was 62.8 percent, which is more than 15 percentage points higher than the estimated service rate for the Hispanic/Latino population, as discussed on the next page.