In serving students with disabilities, OOD seeks to allocate resources in a manner that reflects the distribution of individuals in need of services. One way to measure OOD’s effectiveness in doing so is to examine the balance between the number of students with disabilities in each Ohio county and the number of students with disabilities who are being served by OOD in each county. If OOD has distributed resources appropriately, the percentage of students served in each county as a proportion of the total number of students served statewide should approximate the percentage of students with disabilities in each county as a proportion of the total number of students with disabilities statewide.
ODE Student Counts.To measure this balance, OOD obtained data from the Ohio Department of Education (ODE) regarding the number of students with disabilities that reside in each Ohio county. The total statewide number of students with disabilities reported by ODE for the 2015 – 2016 school year was 52,695. The link below provides a map illustrating the number of students with disabilities in each county during that school year. As expected, this data shows the highest concentration of students with disabilities in large urban centers, most notably Franklin County (Columbus) and Cuyahoga County (Cleveland). (Ohio Department of Education, 2017).
Map of Ohio Department of Education Students with Disabilities - 2015-2016 School Year
Students Served by OOD.The number of students with disabilities served by OOD as of June 30, 2016 was extracted from the AWARE case management system. For this analysis, a student with a disability was defined as an individual who was at least 14 years of age and not yet 22 years of age at the time they applied for OOD services; entered service status prior to June 30, 2016; was being served on an open case as of June 30, 2016 and under an Individualized Education Program (IEP); and had an open education goal (below master’s level education) prior to the date on which the individual turned 22 years of age. In total, 7,609 individuals were identified as students with disabilities being served by OOD as of June 30, 2016. The link below provides a map illustrating the number of students with disabilities served by OOD in each county. The distribution of students served by OOD is consistent with the distribution of the students with disabilities population, with concentrations in large urban centers. (OOD – AWARE)
Map of OOD Students with Disabilities Served - 2016
Balance Ratios for Students with DisabilitiesTo determine the extent to which OOD service delivery to students with disabilities is in balance with the statewide distribution of students with disabilities, balance ratios were calculated for each of Ohio’s 88 counties. The link below provides a map illustrating the balance ratio for each county.
Map of OOD Students with Disabilities Balance Ratios - 2016
These data are also shown in HTML in Table 32 at the link below. (Table 32 will open in a new window.)
Table 32 - Balance Ratios for Services to Students with Disabilities by County - 2016
OOD’s allocation of resources to serve students with disabilities appears to be well balanced with respect to where students with disabilities reside in Ohio. A ratio of 0.0 represents perfect balance between the percentage of the statewide total of students served by OOD and the percentage of the statewide students with disabilities as reported by ODE. Only one county, Montgomery, has a balance ratio greater than 2 percentage points from 0.0 at -2.5. The remaining 87 counties are within 2 percentage points, indicating a high degree of balance across the state. Table 33 below summarizes the number of counties within each balance ratio range.
Table 33 - Number of Counties by Balance Ratio of Services to Students with Disabilities - 2016