Disability Determination Process
Decisions on whether Ohioans are eligible for Social Security disability benefits are crucial for people looking to create a dependable foundation for their lives. Staff at OOD’s Division of Disability Determination (DDD) understand those needs and the importance of quickly processing cases and delivering accurate decisions.
DDD processes applications made to the Social Security Administration (SSA) for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI).
For each disability claim, a team of Disability Claims Adjudicators, disability specialists, and medical/psychological examiners review each applicant’s medical and work history. The team determines whether applicants meet federal medical eligibility criteria for disability and blindness.
Apply for Disability
Ohioans can apply for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits through the Social Security Administration (SSA). This can be done in one of three ways:
- Find information online at www.ssa.gov;
- By telephone at 800-772-1213 (TTY 800-325-0778);
- In person at a local SSA office.
NOTE: Applications must be submitted through SSA. Please do not submit disability benefits applications to OOD Division of Disability Determination (DDD).
Check Application Status
Check Application Status on the SSA site.
Expedited Claim Processing
The Social Security Administration (SSA) has developed “fast-track” determination processes to reduce decision times for disability applicants who have the most severe disabilities.
Quick Disability Determination Process
Under SSA’s Quick Disability Determination (QDD),a predictive computer model analyzes specific data within electronic claim files to identify cases where there is a high potential that the individual is disabled and where Social Security can quickly obtain evidence of the person’s allegations.
Compassionate Allowance (CAL)
The Compassionate Allowances (CAL) initiative speeds the disability application process for individuals whose disabilities are so severe that they clearly meet established medical criteria. There are 113 specific conditions, which include certain cancers, adult brain disorders, a number of rare genetic disorders of children, early-onset Alzheimer's disease, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and other disorders.
If a military service member is seriously injured or disabled while on active duty (on or after Oct. 1, 2001), SSA expedites the processing of disability claims regardless of where their disability occurred. Special protocol is applied to ensure expeditious review.
For questions about expedited claims, please Contact a Professional Relations Officer.
Division of Disability Benefits
The Ohio OOD Division of Disability Determination (DDD), in agreement with the Social Security Administration (SSA), determines medical eligibility for Ohioans who apply for Social Security disability benefits. Benefits include:
- Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) pays benefits to an individual and certain family members if the individual is "insured" (has worked long enough and paid Social Security taxes);
- Supplemental Security Income (SSI) pays benefits based on financial need.
Disability, under the SSA, is based on an individual’s inability to work. SSA uses the same definition for both benefit types. Unlike workers' compensation or veteran’s benefits, SSA has no partial disability category. DDD is a federally regulated division of OOD. It receives 100 percent of its funding from SSA.
Assist someone filing for Social Security disability benefits.
If you are determined ineligible for Social Security disability benefits or Supplemental Security Income, you can request an appeal. An appeal can be initiated by contacting SSA. Per SSA guidelines, the appeal must be submitted within 60 days of the written notice of the decision.
How to appeal:
- Find information online at www.ssa.gov
- Call 800-282-2695 (TTY 800-325-0778)
- Visit a local SSA office
NOTE: An appeal cannot be initiated by contacting the Ohio OOD Division of Disability Determination (DDD).
Link to the Disability Determination Appeals Process.
SSA developed the Cooperative Disability Investigations (CDI) Program to prevent fraud in its disability programs and related federal and state programs. SSA Office of Operations and the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) manage the program.
Social Security Administration
P.O. Box 17768
Baltimore, MD 21235
Phone: 800-269-0271 or 866-501-2101 (TTY)
Contact a Professional Relations Officer
DDD's Professional Relations Officers serve as points of contact regarding Social Security disability programs in Ohio. They provide presentations to health professionals about how medical information is used to evaluate disabilities, recruit health professionals to become consultative examination providers, assist consultants in using SSA’s Electronic Records Express (ERE), and much more.
DDD is actively seeking Ohio-licensed psychological and medical providers in Ohio to conduct independent consultative exams of Social Security disability claimants. Opportunities exist throughout Ohio, with significant opportunities in Northwest Ohio. Please contact ANY of the Professional Relations Officers to learn more.
Orlando Rodriguez, Medical Administration Manager